EASE Letters, Volume 2. No. 1. January, 2023
Authors: Shin, Myeong-Kyeong; Kwon, Gyeong-Pil; Kim, Eun-Jeong
Cite as: Shin, M. -K., Kwon, G. -P., & Kim, E. -J. (2022). The Comparison of Physics at High School Level among the International Baccalaureate, Next Generation Science Standards, and the 2015 Science Curriculum of Korea. EASE Letters, 2(1), 22-26.
Abstract: The aim of this study is to compare three curricula of Physics at high school level. The International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme (IB DP), Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), and the 2015 Science Curriculum of Korea were analyzed for this study, and one of textbooks at university level was chosen as the standard for the comparison. Since each curriculums have the different structures, the factor to compare each curriculum was strongly associated with scientific knowledge. This is because it does not matter with the different educational system. In the 2015 science curriculum of Korea, ‘Core concepts’ and ‘Generalized knowledge’ as the structure of disciplinary knowledge were selected. The IB DP had a various learning goals depending on the unit school, so ‘syllabus content’ in physics guide by International Baccalaureate Organization, such a generalized scientific knowledge, was chosen for this research. Lastly, the analysis of NGSS was carried out the performance expectations which were integrated the three dimensions, including disciplinary core ideas, science and engineering practice, and cross cutting concepts. The results of this analysis are follows. First, there are two common parts out of six, such as ‘Mechanics’, and ‘Electricity and Magnetism’. Secondly, the proportion of ‘Modern Physics’ was low at every curriculum. Lastly, NGSS covers a smaller number of contents than the 2015 science curriculum of Korea and the IB DP
Keywords: 2015 Revised Curriculum; high school; IB DP; NGSS